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Innovation and economic development: Lessons from Latin America

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978-0-9750436-5-3
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Product Description

By Gabriela Dutrénit, Mark Dodgson

Published: 2005
ISBN: 978-0-9750436-5-3
Pages: iv+242 (PDF version)

Overview

Editors:

Gabriela Dutrénit
Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Xochimilco, México and

Mark Dodgson
Technology and Innovation Management Centre
University of Queensland Business School with

Introduction by Jorge Katz
University of Chile, Santiago, Chile and Conicet, Buenos Aires, Argentina

Science and technology appear to be the key to industrial development in advanced economies. However, how they can be effectively used for economic growth and social reconstruction in today's developing countries remains an unanswered question.

To a large extent, economic and social development depends upon the ability of developing countries to build a trajectory of learning and innovation. So far, these trajectories have mostly arisen by default: as an unplanned consequence of 'learning by doing' during the expansion of local production activities: or, of 'adaptive engineering efforts' carried out on the basis of imported know-how. Therefore, the real challenge for policy and decision makers is how to progress from circumstantial activities to a 'pro-active' technological strategy that would allow major innovation effort and technological generation activity to drive the development process.

This collection explores experiences of innovation in Latin America through 12 case studies. Drawing upon the lessons learned, new policy approaches for other developing countries are presented. Theoretical and methodological tools developed in this work may be applied to other developing countries of Asia and Africa, to the transition economies of East and Central Europe, and to smaller economies within NAFTA, APEC, ASEAN and the EU.

Jorge Katz and Gabriela Dutrénit frame the context of the case studies and research presented in this collection with a comprehensive Introduction to the role of innovation in economic development. Grouped into sections on 'Technological performance', 'Learning and knowledge flows in national and international innovation systems' and 'New policy approaches for development', these Latin-American case studies provide valuable course materials, experiences and insights with implications for public policy and decision makers.

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION: Innovation, growth and development in Latin America:

Stylized facts and a policy agenda - Gabriela Dutrénit and Jorge Katz

TECHNOLOGICAL PERFORMANCE

SETTING THE SCENE

Technological performance, economic performance and behaviour: A study of Argentinean firms during the 1990s - Valeria Arza

Patterns of technological intensity in the Brazilian industry: A comparative study with developed countries - André Tosi Furtado and Ruy De Quadros Carvalho

LEARNING AND KNOWLEDGE FLOWS IN INNOVATION SYSTEMS

DOMESTIC CONDITIONS

Innovation systems and local productive arrangements: New strategies to promote the generation, acquisition and diffusion of knowledge - Helena M.M. Lastres and José Eduardo Cassiolato

Exchange and knowledge flows between large firms and research institutions - Rosalba Casas

Knowledge circulation in vertically integrated production networks: The cases of the Argentine automotive and iron and steel industries - Facundo Albornoz, Darío Milesi and Gabriel Yoguel

INTERNATIONAL DIMENSION

Managing learning in the refrigerator industry: Evidence from a firm-level study in Brazil - Cristina Ferigotti and Paulo N. Figueiredo

Cross border acquisitions and mergers: Learning processes of Mexican corporative groups - Arturo Torres and Javier Jasso

Mexican maquiladoras: New capabilities of coordination and the emergence of a new generation of companies - Jorge Carrillo and Arturo Lara

Spillovers from MNCs through worker mobility and technological and managerial capabilities of SMEs in Mexico - Alexandre O. Vera-Cruz and Gabriela Dutrénit

R&D in the telecom industry in Brazil: Some indicators involving large transnational companies - Simone R.V. Galina, Roberto Sbragia and Guilherme A. Plonski

NEW POLICY APPROACHES FOR DEVELOPMENT

Innovation systems based on life sciences: Towards a study by means of constructive approaches - Rodrigo Arocena and Judith Sutz

New institutional dynamics for the creation of a favorable environment for competitiveness: Hope or reality? - Mónica Casalet Ravenna

Multicriteria analysis for the selection of priorities in the Brazilian program of technological prospection - Prospectar - Mauro Zackiewicz, Rui Albuquerque and Sergio Salles Filho


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