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Innovation in Taiwan

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978-1-921980-13-8
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Product Description

Edited by Mei-Chih Hu, Timothy Kastelle and Mark Dodgson

Published: 2013
ISBN: 978-1-921980-13-8
Pages: ii+138

Overview

The determinants of growth patterns in the world economy and the reasons why some countries maintain a lead and other countries catch up (or fall behind) have offered one of the most interesting areas of economic and innovation research in recent decades. The experiences of the successful East Asian countries, Taiwan (dominated by SMEs, small to medium-sized enterprises) and Korea (ruled by chaebols), offer valuable lessons in rapid catching up for the emerging industrial giants of the 21st century - China, India and Brazil - as they take advantage of globalization in order to enter new industries and build their industrial capacity.

Taiwan has presented a crucial model of one of the world’s small to medium-sized economies as it has successfully evolved from a catch-up follower to an innovator. This special issue thus aims to focus not only on understanding Taiwan’s evolving role in this process of SME-centric innovation but also on exploring the challenges it has faced in transforming together with global dynamic economic and technological changes. Taiwan has provided an opportunity to witness the rise and evolution of an entirely new industry, from its inception to the point where it is becoming mature, viewed in all the complexity of its evolutionary industrial dynamics. The knowledge and capabilities accumulated from the flourishing development of the semiconductor industry has laid the foundation for Taiwan to further derive, develop, and extend its industrial sectors. Those based on the successful model created by and emerging from the semiconductor sector are including the thin-film transistor-liquid crystal display (TFT-LCD) and IC design sectors, which have grown rapidly since the beginning of the 2000s, as have the solar photovoltaic, LED (Light-Emitting Diode) sectors and others including medical care and biotechnology, since mid-2005. Consequently, Taiwan’s strategies for building its innovation capacity are of special and critical interest if this strategic innovation model is to be further applied in other SMEs-centric developing countries. We anticipate that this special issue may well contribute to the new knowledge about ‘fast-follower’ innovations as well as generating insightful implications for other countries.

While not limited to these, some of the specific questions that are of interest in this special issue are:

  • Due to the different levels of innovation capability and resource constraints, what special features are required for innovators in creating and managing knowledge, which differ from those for catch-up latecomers or followers that are more related to its exploitation?
  • While innovation capability is largely dependent on the co-evolution of technological accessibility and effective social capability (in terms of entrepreneurship, education, legal, networks, and financial institutions), to what extent would Taiwan’s innovation policy have to be adapted in order to meet technological and market uncertainties, especially when entering emerging markets such as China and India?
  • How might Taiwan’s innovation system, mainly composed as it is of small to medium-sized enterprises, act as a network interconnected to the global innovation ecology?
  • To what extent do the roles of research, innovation, and creative culture play in Taiwan’s transformation of small to medium-sized organizations?   To achieve evolution into a sustainable economy, what conflicts and impacts of structural environmental problems, such as resource depreciation and climate change, have to be addressed as socio-technical issues?
  • How might the national strategy and the role of public sectors in Taiwan help to lead while accommodating to global dynamic economic and technological changes?

Table of Contents

Editorial: Innovation in Taiwan
– Tim Kastelle, Mei-Chih Hu and Mark Dodgson

Macro Policy

Facilitators of national innovation policy in a SME-dominated country: A case study of Taiwan
– Chia-Yi Chen, Yu-Ling Lin and Po-Young Chu

Cluster policies and industry development in the Hsinchu Science Park: A retrospective review after 30 years
– Ching-Pu Chen, Chen-Fu Chien and Chih-Tsung Lai

Communicating and prioritizing science and technology policy using AHP
– Yi-Ching Wu, Bou-Wen Lin, Chintay Shih and Chung-Jen Chen

Study on national innovation capacity and international connection
– Shu-Hao Chang and Hsin-Yuan Chang

Industry and Technology

Patent analysis for technology development of artificial intelligence: A country-level comparative study
– Chun-Yao Tseng and Ping-Ho Ting

Innovative evaluation model of emerging energy technology commercialization
– Chiung-Wen Hsu and Pao-Long Chang

Trade vertical specialization, inter-industry diffusion effects and technology imports: The case of Taiwan
– Szu-Wei Yen, Tz-Li Wang and Chun-Chen Huang

The Firm

Corporate governance and innovative success: An examination of the moderating influence of a firm’s life cycle stage
– Shuling Chiang, Picheng Lee and Asokan Anandarajan

Mobilizing human and social capital under industry contexts to pursue high-tech entrepreneurship
– Yung-Chang Hsiao, Shih-Chang Hung, Chung-Jen Chen and Tse-Ping Dong


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